Chateauneuf-du-Pape is a historic village between the towns of Orange and Avignon, in France's southern Rhone Valley. It is famous for powerful, full-bodied red wines made predominantly from the classic southern Rhone grape trio: Grenache, Syrah and Mourvedre. These three varieties are behind the vast majority of the appellation's red wines, although a total of eighteen are approved for use – a mix of black, green and pink-skinned varieties. Grenache is king in the vineyards here. It is used in every Chateauneuf red to some extent, and many are made entirely from it. The variety performs better here than in other French region, and contributes juicy, jammy red-fruit flavors and high potential alcohol. After Grenache, the next most important varieties are Syrah and Mourvedre. Syrah grows most successfully in the town's cooler sites, and brings structure and spiced black-fruit notes to the blend. Late-ripening, sun-loving Mourvedre flourishes only in the hotter, drier vineyards, and adds dark depths and bitter-chocolate notes.